Saint Emilion Grand Cru
Appellation Saint Emilion Grand Cru is reserved for red still wine, located East ( Purple ) within the Bordeaux wine region as seen in our Bordeaux wine glass.
The name of the appellation " Saint Emilion" may be supplemented by the words Grand Cru or Premier Grand Cru Classe for wines that meet the provisions.
The geographical area of the controlled appellation of origin Saint Emilion Grand Cru is the same as Saint Emilion, located east of the city of Libourne and around the village of Saint Emilion.
In 1954 on the 7th October the decree prioritised four appellations on the same territory. Saint Emilion, Saint Emilion Grand Cru, Saint Emilion Grand Cru Classe and Saint Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classe.
Since 1984, the only appellations Saint Emilion and Saint Emilion Grand Cru remain the raw classified belonging only to the latter.
Saint Emilion Grand Cru differs from Saint Emilion by more stringent production conditions including lower load efficiency, greater maturity and a longer rearing time producing wines of greater wealth and longer guard.
There are approximately 650 producers of wine and together they produce an average of 150,000 hectoliters of wines. To comply with regulations, the vines have a minimum planting density of 5,500 vines per hectare. The following grape varieties are used: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Merlot and Petit Verdot.
The red wines with the protected appellation of Saint Emilion Grand Cru are largely dominated by the Merlot grape variety, offering aromatic complexity of ripe and flexible red and black fruits and a touch of finesse promoting a long shelf life that simply will charm.
The wines are the subject to a rearing until at least the 1st February of the second year following that of the harvest. After the ageing period, the wines are able to be marketed to consumers from the 15th May of the second year following the year of harvest.
The use of Grand Cru Classe or Premier Grand Cru Classe is reserved for the vineyards which have been the subject of an official classification. This is approved by the Minister of Agriculture and that of the Minister for Consumer Affairs on a proposal from the National Institute of origin and quality. Distinctions can be awarded in view of their reputation and their ability to age. Wines that come from these vineyards must meet the conditions set for production of the appellation of origin Saint Emilion Grand Cru. The above mentioned classification is valid for ten years from the publication of the decree of approval. The first classification took place in 1955 and completed in 1958.
The grape harvest, wine making, preparation, breeding and bottling of the wines are insured on the following municipalities of the Gironde department:
Saint Christophe des Bardes, Saint Emilion, Saint Etienne de Lisse, Saint Hippolyte, Saint Laurent des Combes, Saint Pey d'Armens, Saint Sulpice de Faleyrens, and for a limited part of its territory on the south by the river of Vignonet and Libourne.